A public blockchain is an open, decentralized network where anyone can participate and all transactions are transparent and immutable.

Understanding Public Blockchains

A public blockchain is a decentralized network open to anyone around the globe. It operates without central authority, ensuring transparency and security. These networks are built on the principle of decentralization, where power is distributed across a vast array of users.

Characteristics of Public Blockchains

How Public Blockchains Operate

Public blockchains work through a consensus mechanism where transactions are validated, timestamped, and made public. They are immutable, ensuring the integrity of transaction history. Network participants, often referred to as miners or validators, are incentivized with native digital currencies to maintain and secure the network.

Despite their many advantages, public blockchains face challenges such as limited transaction speed and scalability issues. As the network grows, so does the burden of maintaining its efficiency.

Contrast with Private Blockchains

Unlike public blockchains, private blockchains restrict access to certain users and are typically controlled by a single entity or consortium. They offer scalability and privacy but lack the openness of public blockchains.